Unit 1: The End of Bipolarity 8
The End of Bipolarity Disintegration of Soviet Union, Unipolar World, Middle East Crisis – Afghanistan, Gulf War, Democratic Politics and Democratization – CIS and the 21st Century (Arab Spring).
Unit 2: New Centres of Power 0
Organizations: European Union, ASEAN, SAARC, BRICS. Nations: Russia, China, Israel, India, Japan and South KoreaNo items in this section
Unit 3: Contemporary South Asia 0
Conflicts and efforts for Peace Democratization in South Asia: Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, MaldivesNo items in this section
Unit 4: United Nations and its Organizations 0
Principal Organs, Key Agencies: UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, ILO, Security Council and the Need for its Expansion.No items in this section
Unit 5: Security in Contemporary World 0
Security: Meaning and Type; Terrorism.No items in this section
Unit 6: Environment and Natural Resources 0
Environmental Movements, Global Warming and Climate Change, Conservation of Natural Resources.No items in this section
Unit 7: Globalization 0
Globalization: Meaning, Manifestation and Debates.No items in this section
WHAT WAS THE SOVIET SYSTEM
WHAT WAS THE SOVIET SYSTEM ?
Outcomes of Socialist revolution in Russia (1917)
- Emergence of USSR,
- Revolution inspired by the ideals of socialism.
- opposed to capitalism.
- Demanded a egalitarian society.
- Abolish the institution of private property.
- so, the makers of the Soviet system gave primacy to the state and the institution of the party.
- Political system -> Communist, opposition not allowed.
- Economy -> planned and controlled by the state.
After 2nd world war
East European countries:
- Came under the control of the USSR (Because the Soviet army had liberated from the fascist forces)
- Political & economic systems modelled after the USSR.
- Second World or the ‘socialist bloc’
- The Warsaw Pact, a military alliance, held them together.
- The USSR was the leader of the bloc.
- The Soviet Union became a great power, economy more developed except USA, complex communications network, vast energy resources including oil, iron and steel, machinery production.
- Transport sector connected remote areas efficiently.
- Ensured a minimum standard of living for all citizens.
- Government subsidised basic necessities including health, education, childcare and other welfare schemes.
- No unemployment.
- Land and productive assets were owned and controlled by the Soviet state
- had a domestic consumer industry that produced everything from pins to cars.
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