Chapter 1 The Cold War Era 10
This chapter provides a backdrop to the entire book. The end of the Cold War is usually seen as the beginning of the contemporary era in world politics which is the subject matter of this book. In this Chapter We will Discus about: 1. End of 2nd world war. 2. Outcomes of second World War. 3. Cold War. 4. Dominance of two superpowers USA & USSR. 5. Non Aligned Movement (NAM). 6. NAM and India.
Chapter 2 The End of Bipolarity 8
In this Chapter-2: The End of Bipolarity, We will study about (1): Greatest symbol of Cold War (The Berlin Wall) Demolished in 1989, (2): collapse of the ‘second world’ and the end of the Cold War. (3): Meaning, causes and the consequences of the disintegration of the ‘second world’. (4) What happened after the collapse of communist regimes and how India relates to these countries now.
Chapter 3 US Hegemony in World Politics 0No items in this section
Chapter 4 Alternative Centres of Power 0No items in this section
Chapter 5 Contemporary South Asia 0No items in this section
Chapter 6 International Organisations 0No items in this section
Chapter 7 Security in the Contemporary World 0No items in this section
Chapter 8 Environment and Natural Resources 0No items in this section
Chapter 9 Globalisation 0No items in this section
WHAT WAS THE SOVIET SYSTEM
WHAT WAS THE SOVIET SYSTEM ?
Outcomes of Socialist revolution in Russia (1917)
- Emergence of USSR,
- Revolution inspired by the ideals of socialism.
- opposed to capitalism.
- Demanded a egalitarian society.
- Abolish the institution of private property.
- so, the makers of the Soviet system gave primacy to the state and the institution of the party.
- Political system -> Communist, opposition not allowed.
- Economy -> planned and controlled by the state.
After 2nd world war
East European countries:
- Came under the control of the USSR (Because the Soviet army had liberated from the fascist forces)
- Political & economic systems modelled after the USSR.
- Second World or the ‘socialist bloc’
- The Warsaw Pact, a military alliance, held them together.
- The USSR was the leader of the bloc.
- The Soviet Union became a great power, economy more developed except USA, complex communications network, vast energy resources including oil, iron and steel, machinery production.
- Transport sector connected remote areas efficiently.
- Ensured a minimum standard of living for all citizens.
- Government subsidised basic necessities including health, education, childcare and other welfare schemes.
- No unemployment.
- Land and productive assets were owned and controlled by the Soviet state
- had a domestic consumer industry that produced everything from pins to cars.
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