CHAPTER 1 CHALLENGES OF NATION BUILDING 7
CHAPTER 2 ERA OF ONE PARTY DOMINANCE 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 3 POLITICS OF PLANNED DEVELOPMENT 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 4 INDIA’S EXTERNAL RELATIONS 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 5 CHALLENGES TO AND RESTORATION OF THE CONGRESS SYSTEM 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 6 THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRATIC ORDER 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 7 THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRATIC ORDER 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 8 THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRATIC ORDER 0No items in this section
CHAPTER 9 RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIAN POLITICS 0No items in this section
INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES
INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES
It was the second problem for national building. Because in 1947, at the time of independence, British India was divided in two type:
- British Indian Provinces: Directly ruled by British government.
- Princely States: That time India had 565 Princely states, Ruled by princes, but accepted British supremacy. Called paramountcy or suzerainty of the British crown.
- Covered 1/3 of the land area of the British Indian Empire and ¼ Indians lived under princely rule.
- Before Independence British Government announced that with the end of their rule over India, paramountcy of the British crown over Princely States would also lapse, means 565 princely states would become legally independent.
- Princely states (princely rulers) were free to join either India or Pakistan or remain independent.
- First, the ruler of Travancore, then The Nizam of Hyderabad announced the decision of Independence.
- Bhopal’s nawab was not interested to join the Constituent Assembly.
This response indicate->
A. Possibility of further division of India. So interim government took a firm stance. But Muslim Leagues opposed this stand. Sardar Patel (Deputy Prime Minister + Home Minister) played a historic role in negotiating with the rulers.
B. Not interested to establish democracy. (since, Independence it was aim of unity, self-determination & democracy)
The government’s approach(negotiation + diplomacy) was guided by three considerations.
1.The people of most of the princely states clearly wanted to become part of the Indian union.
2.The government was prepared to be flexible in giving autonomy to some regions. (Ex. J & K)
3.Integration and consolidation of the territorial boundaries had assumed supreme importance because of contest over demarcation of territory.
Most of the princely state’s ruler (whose territories were contiguous to the new boundaries of India) signed on ‘Instrument of Accession’ before independence through negotiations only Accept Junagadh (plebiscite), Hyderabad (Operation POLO), Kashmir and Manipur.
To join Crash Course: Click Here
NCERT 12th POLITICS IN INDIA SINCE INDEPENDENCE CBSE book: Free Download
NCERT 12th CONTEMPORARY WORLD POLITICS Textbook: Free Download
NCERT 12th SAMKALIN VISHWA RAJNITI Textbook: Free Download
NCERT 12th SWATANTRA BHARAT MEIN RAJNITI CBSE book: Free Download
⇒⇒⇒⇒⇒ Follow us: ⇒⇒⇒⇒⇒
♥ Facebook: – https://www.facebook.com/ncertjunction/
♥ Skype: – https://join.skype.com/Y0n7PswqY6Q7
♥ Twitter: – https://twitter.com/Ncertj
♥ Linkedin: – https://www.linkedin.com/in/ncert-junction/
♥ Telegram: – https://t.me/NcertJunction
♥ Pinterest: – https://in.pinterest.com/junction0696/boards/
♥ Website NCERT JUNCTION: – http://ncertjunction.com
♥ Instagram: – https://www.instagram.com/ncertjunction/
♥ WhatsApp पर +91 95401 77026 से चैट करें : https://api.whatsapp.com/send?phone=919540177026&text=I%27m%20interested%20in%20your%20course%20for%20sale&source=&data=&app_absent