Unit 1: The End of Bipolarity 8
The End of Bipolarity Disintegration of Soviet Union, Unipolar World, Middle East Crisis – Afghanistan, Gulf War, Democratic Politics and Democratization – CIS and the 21st Century (Arab Spring).
Unit 2: New Centres of Power 0
Organizations: European Union, ASEAN, SAARC, BRICS. Nations: Russia, China, Israel, India, Japan and South KoreaNo items in this section
Unit 3: Contemporary South Asia 0
Conflicts and efforts for Peace Democratization in South Asia: Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, MaldivesNo items in this section
Unit 4: United Nations and its Organizations 0
Principal Organs, Key Agencies: UNESCO, UNICEF, WHO, ILO, Security Council and the Need for its Expansion.No items in this section
Unit 5: Security in Contemporary World 0
Security: Meaning and Type; Terrorism.No items in this section
Unit 6: Environment and Natural Resources 0
Environmental Movements, Global Warming and Climate Change, Conservation of Natural Resources.No items in this section
Unit 7: Globalization 0
Globalization: Meaning, Manifestation and Debates.No items in this section
INDIA AND POST COMMUNIST COUNTRIES
India and Post Communist Countries
- Good relationship with all the post-communist countries. The strongest relation with Russia.
- Indo-Russian relation:
- Both embedded in a history of trust and common interests and are matched by popular perceptions.
- In Entertainment: Indian heroes from Raj Kapoor to Amitabh Bachchan are household names in Russia and many post Soviet countries. One can hear Hindi film songs all over the region, and India is part of the popular memory.
- Both the countries share a vision of a multipolar world order: Means co-existence of several powers in the international system, collective security, greater regionalism, negotiated settlements of international conflicts, an independent foreign policy, and decision making through bodies like the UN that should be strengthened, democratised, and empowered.
- Indo-Russian Strategic Agreement of 2001: 80+ bilateral agreements have been signed.
-> India got benefits from Russia over issues like Kashmir, energy supplies, access to Central Asia, balancing its relations with China, sharing information on international terrorism, assistance of India during its oil crises, nuclear energy plans and assisted India’s space industry.
-> Russia stands to benefit from this relationship because India is the second largest arms market for Russia. Both the countries have collaborated over many scientific projects.
->During the Cold war era, India and USSR
- Economic: technical assistance for steel plants like Bhilai, Bokaro, Visakhapatnam, and machinery plants like BHEL, etc.,
- Accepted Indian currency for trade when India was short of foreign exchange.
- Military: military hardware,
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