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Class 11 FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY provides a wide range of concepts and advanced information regarding the subject which includes all the questions provided in the CBSE Class 10, 9, 8, & 6th Geography Syllabus.

Geography concentrates on how universe, galaxy, star, planets evolve and origin of the earth also. In this subject Fundamentals of physical geography, we also study about earthquakes, Volcanoes, and various kinds of other concepts.


  • Understanding of some basic geographical concepts through which we will be more aware about earth and other planets.


  • Each Topic has been written and explained in accordance with the latest guideline issued by CBSE.
  • The Concepts have been systematically explained through the use of Diagrams, tables, and examples.
  • HOTS Questions with answers have been given at the end of each chapter to enhance the student’s understanding, analytical ability, and interpretation.
  • A Quiz of Multiple Choices Questions (MCQ) with answers has been given at the end of Lecture.
  • Questions of NCERT TEXTBOOK also discussed with explanations.
  • VALUE-BASED Questions with answers have been given in the revision section.
  • Practical Problems have been a weightage of 30 marks in the examination. To have a Complete edge, a large number of comprehensive solved and unsolved practical problems have been discussed in our lectures.
  • Power Booster Section has been provided for the knowledge enrichment of the students.
  • This course consist also revision section in which we discuss:


Units Topic or Chapter Marks
Part A  Fundamentals of Physical Geography 35
Unit-1 Geography as a discipline
Unit-2 The Earth
Unit-3 Landforms
Unit-4 Climate
Unit-5 Water (Oceans) – OTBA
Unit-6 Life on the Earth
Map and Diagram 5
Total 40

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.
  • Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.
  • Scope and Career Options

Unit-2: The Earth

  • Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.
  • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics.
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.

Unit-3: Landforms

  • Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.
  • Landforms and their evolution.
  • Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.

Unit 4: Climate

  • Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.
  • Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature-horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.
  • Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.
  • Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.
  • World climates-classification (Koeppen and Thornthwaite), Global warming and climatic changes.
  • Climate and Global Concerns.

Unit 5: Hydrosphere

  • Basics of Oceanography
  • Oceans – distribution of temperature and salinity.
  • Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.
  • Ocean resources and pollution.

Unit 6: Biosphere

  • Biosphere – importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world.

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Course Features

  • Lectures 0
  • Quizzes 0
  • Duration 50 hours
  • Skill level All levels
  • Language English
  • Students 0
  • Assessments Yes
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NCERT JUNCTION In 2008, Mr. Prakash Sir started NCERT JUNCTION focusing especially on home tuitions for class 12 th, 11 th, 10 th, 9 th, 8 th, 7 th & 6 th for various boards like- CBSE, ICSE, & UP. Since 2013, he started teaching other board students like NIOS, IB, & CISCE. Since 2013, Due to limitations of time and demand of students/guardians, Prakash sir arranged group tuitions for various classes and subjects separately. As we all know, NCERT books from class 6 th to 12, that are essential for the competency of any government examination. Because NCERT JUNCTION is a pioneer institute to teach NCERT, our methodology to teach is too easy & much helpful as well as essential to achieving a higher rank in various government exams like; Uttar Pradesh Police Constable, Sub Inspector, Gram Vikas Adhikari / VDO, Lekhpal, UP-PCS, Lower PCS, RO, ARO, IAS, etc.

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